How to Make a Family Emergency Plan

How to Make a Family Emergency Plan

Creating a family emergency plan is crucial to ensure that everyone knows what to do in the event of a disaster. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you develop a comprehensive plan for your family, drawing on recommendations from Florida Disaster,, and FEMA.

Step 1: Discuss with Your Family

Begin by having a conversation with your family about the importance of emergency preparedness. Discuss potential types of disasters that could affect your area, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, or wildfires.

Key Questions to Discuss:

  • How will we receive emergency alerts and warnings?
  • What is our shelter plan?
  • What is our evacuation route?
  • How will we communicate if we are separated?

Step 2: Consider Specific Needs

Tailor your plan to meet the unique needs of your family members, including pets. Take into account any medical needs, dietary requirements, and disabilities.

Actions to Take:

  • Make a list of personal needs and resources.
  • Assign responsibilities to each family member.
  • Ensure you have supplies and equipment for infants, elderly family members, and pets.

Step 3: Establish Communication Methods

Determine how you will stay in touch with each other during an emergency. Ensure everyone knows important contact numbers and has a list of emergency contacts.


  • Designate an out-of-town relative or friend as a contact point.
  • Ensure all family members have a list of emergency contacts.
  • Teach family members how to send text messages, which can often get through when phone calls cannot.

Step 4: Create an Evacuation Plan

Plan how you will leave your home and where you will go if instructed to evacuate. Know your community’s evacuation routes and have a map with multiple routes in case roads are blocked.

Evacuation Tips:

  • Plan multiple routes out of your neighborhood.
  • Decide on a meeting place outside of your immediate area.
  • Make arrangements for transportation, especially for those without vehicles.

Step 5: Assemble an Emergency Kit

Put together a kit with supplies for at least three days. Make sure to include water, food, medication, and other essentials.

Basic Supplies:

  • Water (one gallon per person per day)
  • Non-perishable food
  • Battery-powered or hand-crank radio
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Medications and medical supplies

Step 6: Practice Your Plan

Regularly review and practice your emergency plan with your family. Conduct drills to ensure everyone knows what to do and feels confident in their roles.

Practice Tips:

  • Conduct regular family drills.
  • Review and update your plan annually.
  • Test emergency communication methods.

Additional Resources

For more detailed information and templates to create your emergency plan, visit:

By following these steps and utilizing available resources, you can ensure that your family is prepared to handle emergencies effectively and safely. Stay safe and be prepared!

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